Biotechnology.Author Contributions: Conceptualization, N.M. and M.R.; methodology, N.M. and M.R.; application, N.M. and M.R.; validation,

July 19, 2022

Biotechnology.Author Contributions: Conceptualization, N.M. and M.R.; methodology, N.M. and M.R.; application, N.M. and M.R.; validation, N.M. and M.R.; formal analysis, N.M. and M.R.; investigation, N.M. and M.R.; resources, N.M. and M.R.; information curation, N.M. and M.R.; writing–original draft preparation, N.M. and M.R.; writing–review and editing, N.M. and M.R.; visualization, N.M. and M.R.; supervision, M.R. All authors have read and agreed towards the published version with the manuscript. Funding: This investigation received no external funding. Data Availability Statement: The information presented in this study are available upon request in the corresponding author. Acknowledgments: This research work was carried inside the framework from the DeepBlue Project (Building Education and Employment Partnerships for a Sustainable Blue Growth inside the Western Mediterranean) co-funded by the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). Nezha MEJJAD was supported by the Deep Blue Project in the course of her mobility towards the National Analysis Council–ISMAR Institute of Marine Sciences–CNR, Italy. Nezha MEJJAD would prefer to thank Valerio FUNARI for his Betamethasone disodium Autophagy precious guidance and assistance on the design and style of your literature search query. We would also like to highlight that this assessment paper has been created possible because of the database. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
sustainabilityArticleAsymmetric Impact of Institutional Good quality on Environmental Degradation: Evidence of the Environmental Kuznets CurveFarrah Dina Abd Razak 1 , Nitrocefin Anti-infection Norlin Khalid 2, and Mohd Helmi Ali2Faculty of Small business and Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Tapah 35400, Malaysia; [email protected] Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia Graduate School of Company, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia; [email protected] Correspondence: [email protected]: This paper aims to uncover the asymmetry impacts and co-integration between gross domestic solution, economic improvement, power use and environmental degradation by featuring institutional high-quality covering the Malaysia economy in the course of the period from 1984 till 2017 working with a nonlinear auto-regressive distributed lag model. The results confirm the existence on the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis for each linear and nonlinear analyses, as a result verifying the relevance of symmetric and asymmetric EKC hypotheses for Malaysia. Additional, this study verifies the attributes of economic improvement and institutional high quality that mitigates the concern on CO2 emissions, but contradicting final results had been produced on power use. The implication of this acquiring offers new suggestions for Malaysia authorities to think about the asymmetries in formulating environment-related policies to maintain environmental quality and realize their sustainable improvement objectives.Citation: Abd Razak, F.D.; Khalid, N.; Ali, M.H. Asymmetric Influence of Institutional High-quality on Environmental Degradation: Evidence in the Environmental Kuznets Curve. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12507. su132212507 Academic Editor: Bertrand Hamaide Received: 19 October 2021 Accepted: eight November 2021 Published: 12 NovemberKeywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; carbon dioxide emissions; environmental degradation; financial improvement; energy use; institutional quality1. Introduction Financial growth could be the important objective of establishing countries for the reason that it’s the greate.